Install Macos On Ubuntu

Installing packaged versions of Podman

Install Darling on Ubuntu Linux. Currently, the Darling developers have provided pre-compiled DEB packages only. Go to the releases page and download the DEB packages are provided for darling and darling-dkms (the kernel module). Still, if you are a fan of the macOS interface then we can customize the default look of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS to get a mac OS X-like interface. Here are the steps to follow. Contents show Open Command Terminal. Install Gnome Tweaks. Create Themes folder. Download WhiteSur GTK Theme & icon.

MacOS

Podman is a tool for running Linux containers. You can do this from a MacOSdesktop as long as you have access to a linux box either running inside of aVM on the host, or available via the network. Podman includes a command,podman machine that automatically manages VM’s.

Oct 16, 2020 Here's how to install Ubuntu 20.04 in VirtualBox on Windows, macOS, and Linux. Why Install Ubuntu in VirtualBox? There are many ways that you can try Ubuntu or any other Linux operating system (OS). Install it on an old PC Dual boot with Windows, macOS, or another Linux OS.

Remote Client

The Mac client is available through Homebrew:

To start the Podman-managed VM:

You can then verify the installation information using:

More advanced information can be found here.

Windows

Podman is a tool for running Linux containers. You can do this from a Windowsdesktop as long as you have access to a linux box either running inside of aVM on the host, or available via the network. You need to install the remoteclient and then setup ssh connection information in the podman-remote.conffile. Podman can also be run in the Windows Subsystem for Linux system, checkout the link below to see a description of how this is done.

Remote Client

Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) 2.0

Linux Distributions

Install

Arch Linux & Manjaro Linux

If you have problems when running Podman in rootless mode follow the instructions here

CentOS

Podman is available in the default Extras repos for CentOS 7 and inthe AppStream repo for CentOS 8 and Stream.

Debian

The podman package is available in the Debian 11 (Bullseye) repositories and later.

Fedora

Ubuntu

Fedora-CoreOS, Fedora SilverBlue

Built-in, no need to install

Gentoo

OpenEmbedded

Bitbake recipes for Podman and its dependencies are available in themeta-virtualization layer.Add the layer to your OpenEmbedded build environment and build Podman using:

openSUSE

openSUSE Kubic

Built-in, no need to install

Raspberry Pi OS arm64 (beta)

Raspberry Pi OS use the standard Debian’s repositories,so it is fully compatible with Debian’s arm64 repository.You can simply follow the steps for Debian to install Podman.

RHEL7

Subscribe, then enable Extras channel and install Podman.

RHEL8

Podman is included in the container-tools module, along with Buildah and Skopeo.

The container-tools:rhel8 is the fast application stream, containing most recent rolling versions of the tools. Use the container-tools:2.0 stream for stable versions of Podman 1.6. The command yum module list container-tools shows the available streams.

Ubuntu

The podman package is available in the official repositories for Ubuntu 20.10and newer.

If you would prefer newer (though not as well-tested) packages,the Kubic projectprovides packages for active Ubuntu releases 20.04 and newer (it should also work with direct derivatives like Pop!_OS).Checkout the Kubic project pagefor a list of supported Ubuntu version andarchitecture combinations. NOTE: The command sudo apt-get -y upgrademaybe required in some cases if Podman cannot be installed without it.The build sources for the Kubic packages can be found here.

CAUTION: On Ubuntu 20.10 and newer, we highly recommend you use Buildah, Podman and Skopeo ONLY from EITHER the Kubic repoOR the official Ubuntu repos. Mixing and matching may lead to unpredictable situations including installation conflicts.

Installing development versions of Podman

Fedora

You can test the very latest Podman in Fedora’s updates-testingrepository before it goes out to all Fedora users.

If you use a newer Podman package from Fedora’s updates-testing, we wouldappreciate your +1 feedback in Bodhi, Fedora’s update managementsystem.

Ubuntu

The Kubic project provides RC/testing packages for Ubuntu 20.04 and 20.10.Checkout the Kubic project pagefor a list of supported Ubuntu version andarchitecture combinations. NOTE: The sudo apt-get -y upgrademaybe required in some cases if Podman cannot be installed without it.

NOTE: On Ubuntu 20.10 and newer, we highly recommend you use Buildah, Podman and Skopeo ONLY from EITHER the Kubic repoOR the official Ubuntu repos. Mixing and matching may lead to unpredictable situations including installation conflicts.

Building from scratch

Build and Run Dependencies

Required

Fedora, CentOS, RHEL, and related distributions you should try to runmake package-install which will install dependencies, build the source,produce rpms for the current platform and install them in the end.

Debian, Ubuntu, and related distributions:

On openSUSE Leap 15.x and Tumbleweed:

On Manjaro (and maybe other Linux distributions):

Make sure that the Linux kernel supports user namespaces:

If not, please update the kernel.For Manjaro Linux the instructions can be found here:https://wiki.manjaro.org/index.php/Manjaro_Kernels

After that enable user namespaces:

To enable the user namespaces permanently:

Building missing dependencies

If any dependencies cannot be installed or are not sufficiently current, they have to be built from source.This will mainly affect Debian, Ubuntu, and related distributions, or RHEL where no subscription is active (e.g. Cloud VMs).

golang

Be careful to double-check that the version of golang is new enough (i.e. go version), version 1.12.x or higher is supported.If needed, golang kits are available at https://golang.org/dl/. Alternatively, go can be built from source as follows(it’s helpful to leave the system-go installed, to avoid having to bootstrap go:

conmon

The latest version of conmon is expected to be installed on the system. Conmon is used to monitor OCI Runtimes.To build from source, use the following:

runc

The latest version of runc is expected to be installed on the system. It is picked up as the default runtime by Podman.Version 1.0.0-rc4 is the minimal requirement, which is available in Ubuntu 18.04 already.To double-check, runc --version should produce at least spec: 1.0.1, otherwise build your own:

CNI plugins

Setup CNI networking

A proper description of setting up CNI networking is given in the cni README.

A basic setup for CNI networking is done by default during the installation or make processes andno further configuration is needed to start using Podman.

Add configuration

Optional packages

Fedora, CentOS, RHEL, and related distributions:

(no optional packages)

Debian, Ubuntu, and related distributions:

Install

Get Source Code

First, ensure that the go version that is found first on the $PATH is higher than 1.12.x. Instruction above will help you compile newer version of Go if needed. Then we can build Podman:

Ubuntu

Build Tags

Otherwise, if you do not want to build Podman with seccomp or selinux support you can add BUILDTAGS=' when running make.

Podman supports optional build tags for compiling support of various features.To add build tags to the make option the BUILDTAGS variable must be set, for example:

Build TagFeatureDependency
apparmorapparmor supportlibapparmor
exclude_graphdriver_btrfsexclude btrfslibbtrfs
exclude_graphdriver_devicemapperexclude device-mapperlibdm
libdm_no_deferred_removeexclude deferred removal in libdmlibdm
seccompsyscall filteringlibseccomp
selinuxselinux process and mount labeling
systemdjournald logginglibsystemd

Note that Podman does not officially support device-mapper. Thus, the exclude_graphdriver_devicemapper tag is mandatory.

Vendoring - Dependency Management

This project is using go modules for dependency management. If the CI is complaining about a pull request leaving behind an unclean state, it is very likely right about it. After changing dependencies, make sure to run make vendor to synchronize the code with the go module and repopulate the ./vendor directory.

Static build

It is possible to build a statically linked binary of Podman by usingthe officially providednixpackage and the derivation of it within this repository. Thebuilds are completely reproducible and will create a x86_64/amd64stripped ELF binary for glibc.

Nix

To build the binaries by locally installing the nix package manager:

Ansible

An Ansible Role isalso available to automate the installation of the above staticallylinked binary on its supported OS:

Configuration files

Man Page: registries.conf.5

Install Mac Os On Ubuntu

/etc/containers/registries.conf

registries.conf is the configuration file which specifies which container registries should be consulted when completing image names which do not include a registry or domain portion.

Install Macos On Ubuntu 18.04

Example from the Fedora containers-common package

/usr/share/containers/mounts.conf and optionally /etc/containers/mounts.conf

How To Install Macos On Ubuntu

The mounts.conf files specify volume mount directories that are automatically mounted inside containers when executing the podman run or podman build commands. Container process can then use this content. The volume mount content does not get committed to the final image.

Usually these directories are used for passing secrets or credentials required by the package software to access remote package repositories.

For example, a mounts.conf with the line “/usr/share/rhel/secrets:/run/secrets”, the content of /usr/share/rhel/secrets directory is mounted on /run/secrets inside the container. This mountpoint allows Red Hat Enterprise Linux subscriptions from the host to be used within the container.

Note this is not a volume mount. The content of the volumes is copied into container storage, not bind mounted directly from the host.

Example from the Fedora containers-common package:

/usr/share/containers/seccomp.json

seccomp.json contains the whitelist of seccomp rules to be allowed inside ofcontainers. This file is usually provided by the containers-common package.

The link above takes you to the seccomp.json

Install Hackintosh On Ubuntu

/etc/containers/policy.json

Man Page: policy.json.5

Example from the Fedora containers-common package: