This video will teach you how to install docker on Windows 10 and Ubuntu 20.04. Docker is a software that allows you to create and run applications with Linu. The Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) is a way to run a full Linux environment on your Windows machine, without having to install a 'heavier' virtual machine, such as Virtual Box, VM Ware, or Hyper-V. WSL 2 also provides a mechanism for running Docker (with Linux containers) on your Windows machine. We'll install it as a prerequisite for Docker. It is now possible to run Docker containers on Windows 10 and Windows Server, leveraging Ubuntu as a hosting base. Imagine running your own Linux applications on Windows, using a Linux distribution you are comfortable with: Ubuntu! It is now possible to do so using the power of Docker technology and Hyper-V virtualization on Windows. On successful installation of Docker on Windows, it provides Docker Engine, Docker CLI client, Docker Compose, Docker Machine, and Kitematic. Ubuntu Bash for Windows: Install Docker for Ubuntu Bash following the steps below, which is similar to installing Docker on Ubuntu. # Install packages to allow apt to use a repository over HTTPS.
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Learn the simple commands to use on Powershell for installing Docker on Windows 10 with WSL 2 support for creating an optimized and fast container environment to run various Virtual machine images.
Well, when it comes to installing Docker on Windows 10, most of us struggle with the problem of enabling Hyper-V because it won’t work properly without that. However, if we don’t want to use Hyper-V for Docker installation then using WSL 2 support would be a good idea.
WSL which is already available in the Windows 10 operating system and now comes with the ability to run full-fledged Linux kernel using WSL 2, makes it very easy to operate Docker without Hyper-V or VirtualBox.
Read More:Tutorial to install Docker on Windows 7 without Hyper-V.
- Windows 10 OS
- Admin access
- WSL- Windows Subsystem for Linux
- Internet connection
Install Docker using Powershell on Windows 10 with a single command
Most of us download and use the executable file available on the official website of this containerized platform to set it up, however, you don’t have to do all that. Just use the command line, follow the below steps, and you are done.
Install Ubuntu Docker Image On Windows
Note: Make sure the WSL- Windows subsystem for Linux is already enabled on your system before performing the below-given steps.
Open PowerShell as Admin
We need to have the Administrator access of PowerShell to run the installation command for Docker, thus, right-click on the Windows 10 Start button and select the “Windows PowerShell (Admin)” option.
Just like Linux packages managers, for example, DNF of CentOS and APT available in Ubuntu, one is also available for Windows operating systems called Chocolatey. The command tool used by this Windows package manager is
Run the below command to enable it in Powershell
Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process -Force; [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol -bor 3072; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString(‘https://chocolatey.org/install.ps1’))
Note: Once the Chocolatey is on your system, close the Powershell and reopen it as Admin.
Command to install Docker Desktop using PowerShell on Windows
Install Docker On Ubuntu On Windows
Now, everything is ready on Powershell and we can use the Choco command to install Docker on Windows 10 Desktop or Windows Server OS.
When the above command asks for your permission to install the packages, allow it by typing A and hitting the Enter key.
Run Docker Desktop
You will see the icon on your desktop to run this open source containerized platform, double click on that. And start it.
Configure WSL 2 Distro
Although after installing the Docker, it will automatically install its own WSL 2 Linux distro on your system as the default one. Thus, you can easily start using it from PowerShell. In case you want to enable the docker support to other available WSL Linux distros then simply go to the Docker Desktop app, select the Resources option given on the left side, and select WSL integration. You will find all installed and available WSL distros there, use the toggle button given in the front of the distro to enable the support. After that, the particular WSL Linux distro for which you have enabled its support can directly run all the Docker commands without actually installing on that distro.
Extra Tip: Convert WSL 1 distro to WSl 2
In case your WSL distro is still on WSl 1 then you have to first enable the WSL 2 support. For that run your Powershell as Admin and use this command:
Now, go to the Microsoft page to download the WSL 2 kernel update setup, use this link to directly download and upgrade the kernel.
Once all this done, simply restart the system.
Now, open Powershell again as admin and type:
The above command will show all the installed WSL distro on your system. Find out the name of one which you want to convert. For example, we have Ubuntu-18.04 WSL distro and to convert it from WSL 1 to WSL 2, we will run the command:
wsl --set-version distro-name 2
So, as per the example, the command will be like this:
I hope this article somehow helped you, if you have any query please feel free to comment.
I have VMWare VMs that are necessary for me to use. Installing Docker for Windows enables Hyper-V, which prevents you from being able to use VMWare Workstation or Player. In the future, I would like to see Docker for Windows be able to specify which Virtualization platform to use, Hyper V, VirtualBox or VMWare. I know that I could continue to use Docker Toolbox, but that is not the same on Windows 10. I could also install VMWeare Workstation in a VM and run my VMs nested, but that seems like an unnecessary Russian nesting doll of a setup for something that should just be possible. We already have a Workstation driver for docker toolbox. It seems to me that Docker for “X”, windows/mac, should be able to integrate with these drivers and I should be able to deploy my containers with Docker for “X” on any of those platforms, instead of it being tied directly to windows hyper v, or on mac, virtual box.
Perhaps in 1.13. Until then I will have to continue to use Docker Toolbox.
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I checked the task manager performance tab and I don't see the virtualization option there. I can't modify the virtualization settings in the BIOS as I am installing docker on an Azure VM. Also I tried disabling the windows firewall but that didn't help. So how to run docker on azure virtual m/c windows 10 enterprise. As of Nov 30, 2018, the Docker problem on Win 10 with using simultaneously Windows and Linux containers is not resolved. The worst case (albeit working) is to dual boot from 2 OS boot installation (Windows 10 or Linux), where one allows Windows Containers, and the other allows Linux containers.