Install Composer Alpine

Download and Install Composer. Download Composer-Setup.exe from the Composer Download page. In the second step of Composer Setup, make sure the correct path to php.exe is set and click Next. If Setup prompts to create php.ini, allow it and click Next. Skip the Proxy URL settings, just click Next then click Install. Install a different version. The instructions below outline installation of the current stable release (v1.29.2) of Compose. To install a different version of Compose, replace the given release number with the one that you want. For instructions to install Compose 2.0.0 on Linux, see Install Compose 2.0.0 on Linux. Install PHP, Composer and other tools on container with Alpine Linux. What is best way to do Install PHP, Composer and other tools on container with Alpine Linux. I need to create shell script for this which I can use later to create docker image.

You can install cryptography with pip:

If this does not work please upgrade your pip first, as that is thesingle most common cause of installation problems.

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Php Composer Install Alpine

Supported platforms¶

Currently we test cryptography on Python 3.6+ and PyPy3 7.3.1 on theseoperating systems.

  • x86-64 CentOS 8.x

  • x86-64 Fedora (latest)

  • x86-64 macOS 10.15 Catalina

  • x86-64 Ubuntu 18.04, 20.04

  • AArch64 Ubuntu 20.04

  • x86-64 Ubuntu rolling

  • x86-64 Debian Stretch (9.x), Buster (10.x), Bullseye (11.x), and Sid(unstable)

  • x86-64 Alpine (latest)

  • 32-bit and 64-bit Python on 64-bit Windows Server 2019

We test compiling with clang as well as gcc and use the followingOpenSSL releases:

  • OpenSSL1.1.0-latest

  • OpenSSL1.1.1-latest

  • OpenSSL3.0-latest

Building cryptography on Windows¶

The wheel package on Windows is a statically linked build (as of 0.5) so alldependencies are included. To install cryptography, you will typicallyjust run

If you prefer to compile it yourself you’ll need to have OpenSSL installed.You can compile OpenSSL yourself as well or use a binary distribution.Be sure to download the proper version for your architecture and Python(VC2015 is required for 3.6 and above). Wherever you place your copy of OpenSSLyou’ll need to set the LIB and INCLUDE environment variables to includethe proper locations. For example:

As of OpenSSL 1.1.0 the library names have changed from libeay32 andssleay32 to libcrypto and libssl (matching their names on all otherplatforms). cryptography links against the new 1.1.0 names by default. Ifyou need to compile cryptography against an older version then you mustset CRYPTOGRAPHY_WINDOWS_LINK_LEGACY_OPENSSL or else installation will fail.

You will also need to have Rust installed andavailable.

If you need to rebuild cryptography for any reason be sure to clear thelocal wheel cache.

Building cryptography on Linux¶


If you are on RHEL/CentOS/Fedora/Debian/Ubuntu or another distributionderived from the preceding list, then you should upgrade pip andattempt to install cryptography again before following the instructionsto compile it below. These platforms will receive a binary wheel andrequire no compiler if you have an updated pip!

cryptography ships manylinux wheels (as of 2.0) so all dependenciesare included. For users on pip 19.0 or above running on a manylinux2010(or greater) compatible distribution (or pip 21.2.4 for musllinux) allyou should need to do is:

If you want to compile cryptography yourself you’ll need a C compiler, aRust compiler, headers for Python (if you’re not using pypy), and headersfor the OpenSSL and libffi libraries available on your system.

On all Linux distributions you will need to have Rust installed andavailable.



The Rust available by default in Alpine < 3.12 is older than the minimumsupported version. See the Rust installation instructions for information about installing a newer Rust.

If you get an error with openssl-dev you may have to use libressl-dev.



The Rust available in current Debian stable and some Ubuntu versions isolder than the minimum supported version. Ubuntu 18.04 and 20.04 aresufficiently new, but otherwise please see theRust installation instructions for informationabout installing a newer Rust.

Fedora/RHEL 8/CentOS 8¶

Install Composer Alpine Windows


For RHEL and CentOS you must be on version 8.3 or newer for the commandbelow to install a sufficiently new Rust. If your Rust is less than 1.41.0please see the Rust installation instructionsfor information about installing a newer Rust.

Install Composer Alpine

RHEL 7/CentOS 7¶


You must install Rust using the Rust installation instructions. cryptography requires a Rust version newer thanwhat is provided in the distribution packages.


You should now be able to build and install cryptography. To avoid gettingthe pre-built wheel on manylinux compatible distributions you’ll need touse --no-binary.

Install Composer Alpine Linux

Using your own OpenSSL on Linux¶

Python links to OpenSSL for its own purposes and this can sometimes causeproblems when you wish to use a different version of OpenSSL with cryptography.If you want to use cryptography with your own build of OpenSSL you will need tomake sure that the build is configured correctly so that your version ofOpenSSL doesn’t conflict with Python’s.

The options you need to add allow the linker to identify every symbol correctlyeven when multiple versions of the library are linked into the same program. Ifyou are using your distribution’s source packages these will probably bepatched in for you already, otherwise you’ll need to use options something likethis when configuring OpenSSL:

Static Wheels¶

Cryptography ships statically-linked wheels for macOS, Windows, and Linux (viamanylinux and musllinux). This allows compatible environments to usethe most recent OpenSSL, regardless of what is shipped by default on thoseplatforms.

If you are using a platform not covered by our wheels, you can build your ownstatically-linked wheels that will work on your own systems. This will allowyou to continue to use relatively old Linux distributions (such as LTSreleases), while making sure you have the most recent OpenSSL available toyour Python programs.

To do so, you should find yourself a machine that is as similar as possible toyour target environment (e.g. your production environment): for example, spinup a new cloud server running your target Linux distribution. On this machine,install the Cryptography dependencies as mentioned in Building cryptography on Linux.Please also make sure you have virtualenv installed: this should beavailable from your system package manager.

Then, paste the following into a shell script. You’ll need to populate theOPENSSL_VERSION variable. To do that, visit and find thelatest non-FIPS release version number, then set the string appropriately. Forexample, for OpenSSL 1.0.2k, use OPENSSL_VERSION='1.0.2k'.

When this shell script is complete, you’ll find a collection of wheel files ina directory called wheelhouse. These wheels can be installed by asufficiently-recent version of pip. The Cryptography wheel in thisdirectory contains a statically-linked OpenSSL binding, which ensures that youhave access to the most-recent OpenSSL releases without corrupting your systemdependencies.

Building cryptography on macOS¶


If installation gives a fatalerror:'openssl/aes.h'filenotfoundsee the FAQ for information about how to fix this issue.

The wheel package on macOS is a statically linked build (as of 1.0.1) so forusers with pip 8 or above you only need one step:

If you want to build cryptography yourself or are on an older macOS version,cryptography requires the presence of a C compiler, development headers, andthe proper libraries. On macOS much of this is provided by Apple’s Xcodedevelopment tools. To install the Xcode command line tools (on macOS 10.10+)open a terminal window and run:

This will install a compiler (clang) along with (most of) the requireddevelopment headers.

You will also need to have Rust installed andavailable, which can be obtained from Homebrew,MacPorts, or directly from the Rust website.

Finally you need OpenSSL, which you can obtain from Homebrew or MacPorts.Cryptography does not support the OpenSSL/LibreSSL libraries Apple shipsin its base operating system.

To build cryptography and dynamically link it:


You can also build cryptography statically:


If you need to rebuild cryptography for any reason be sure to clear thelocal wheel cache.




If you are using Linux, then you should upgrade pip (ina virtual environment!) and attempt to install cryptography again beforetrying to install the Rust toolchain. On most Linux distributions, the latestversion of pip will be able to install a binary wheel, so you won’t needa Rust toolchain.

Building cryptography requires having a working Rust toolchain. The currentminimum supported Rust version is 1.41.0. This is newer than the Rust mostpackage managers ship, so users will likely need to install with theinstructions below.

Instructions for installing Rust can be found on the Rust Project’s website.We recommend installing Rust with rustup (as documented by the RustProject) in order to ensure you have a recent version.

Rust is only required when building cryptography, meaning that you mayinstall it for the duration of your pipinstall command and then remove itfrom a system. A Rust toolchain is not required to usecryptography. Indeployments such as docker, you may use a multi-stage Dockerfile whereyou install Rust during the build phase but do not install it in the runtimeimage. This is the same as the C compiler toolchain which is also required tobuild cryptography, but not afterwards.

Last active Sep 10, 2021
# Set master image
FROM php:7.3-fpm-alpine
MAINTAINER Rajesh Chaudhary <[email protected]>
# Copy composer.lock and composer.json
#COPY composer.lock composer.json /var/www/
# Set working directory
WORKDIR /var/www
# Install dependencies
RUN apk update && apk add --no-cache
build-base shadow vim curl
zip libzip-dev
# Add and Enable PHP-PDO Extenstions
RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo_mysql
#RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo pdo_mysql
#RUN docker-php-ext-enable pdo_mysql
RUN docker-php-ext-install zip exif
# Add gd extension
RUN apk add --no-cache freetype libpng libjpeg-turbo freetype-dev libpng-dev libjpeg-turbo-dev &&
docker-php-ext-configure gd
--with-jpeg-dir=/usr/include/ &&
NPROC=$(grep -c ^processor /proc/cpuinfo 2>/dev/null 1) &&
docker-php-ext-install -j${NPROC} gd &&
apk del --no-cache freetype-dev libpng-dev libjpeg-turbo-dev
# Add php.ini
RUN cp /usr/local/etc/php/php.ini-development /usr/local/etc/php/php.ini
# Install Composer
RUN curl -sS php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer
# Add nodejs and npm
RUN apk add --update nodejs npm
# Remove Cache
RUN rm -rf /var/cache/apk/*
# Add user for laravel application
RUN groupadd -g 1000 www
RUN useradd -u 1000 -ms /bin/bash -g www www
#RUN usermod -u 1000 www-data
# Copy existing application directory permissions
COPY --chown=www:www . /var/www
# Change current user to www
USER www
# Expose port 9000 and start php-fpm server
CMD ['php-fpm']

Alpine Install Php Composer

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